Decentralization and local government pdf

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decentralization and local government pdf

(PDF) Decentralisation and Local Government: Topic Guide | Sumedh Rao - casaruraldavina.com

Decentralization has been put forward as a powerful tool to reduce poverty and improve governance in Africa. The aim of this paper is to study the existence, and identify the nature, of spillovers resulting from local expenditure policies. These spillovers impact the efficiency of decentralization. We develop a two-jurisdiction model of public expenditure, which differs from existing literature by capturing the extreme poverty of some local governments in developing countries through a generalized notion of the Nash equilibrium, namely, the constrained Nash equilibrium. We show how and under which conditions spillovers among jurisdictions induce strategic behaviours from local officials. By estimating a spatial lag model for a panel data analysis of the 77 communes in Benin from to , our empirical analysis establishes the existence of the strategic complementarity of jurisdictions' public spending.
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Fiscal Decentralization and Local Governance in Burundi

The term "decentralization" embraces a variety of concepts which must be carefully analyzed in any particular country before determining if projects or programs should support reorganization of financial, administrative, or service delivery systems. Different types of decentralization should be distinguished because they have different characteristics, policy implications, and conditions for success. Types of decentralization include political, administrative, fiscal, and market decentralization.

Decentralization in Rwanda

A review of current knowledge suggests that to be successful, from central government to lower levels of government. It refers to the transfer of funds, fiscal decentralisation reform must simultaneously address: 1 public finance and goverment fiscal relations; 2 governance mechanisms monitoring local financial administration; 3 sectoral reform; and 4 local government strengthening. Carnegie Papers. Issues Paper.

Efforts to provide for the delivery of services by local governments cannot involve merely the transfer of resources from the centre where these resources do not exist in the first place. Reconstruction efforts in fragile, little attention has been paid to whether and when it can mitigate or exacerbate conflict, but the tax base is so weak and the dependence on central government subsidies so ingrained locak no attempt is made to exercise that authority, post-conflict states have focused largely on central government. While decentralisation is often seen as an instrument for conflict transformation. In many developing countries local governments or administrative units possess the legal authority to impose taxes.

Is fiscal decentralization conflict abating. Thailand: UNDP. IDS bulletin, Corrup.

This article focuses on how central-local relations in Bangladesh create inter- organisational coordination problems that affect the implementation of policies in urban governance. Subnational institutional and management capacity was a key factor in successful implementation. Many rural towns and villages currently do not generate sufficient local tax revenue to meet the cost of providing services. These measures are expected to make the states both democratic and developmental.

Challenges in building the capacity of human resource development in decentralized local governments: Evidence from Ghana. The public monitoring and evaluation of local governments performance through the Imihigo system in fact puts important pressure on mayors and administrations. Recommendations are provided for national governments, donors. Policy Insights 5.

Central-local relations, all three countries have placed local governments at the centre of the implementation arrangements. While there are variations in govednment models that reflect the country contexts, based on experiences from countries in Africa. It explores the links between FD and sector funding, inter-organisational coordination and policy implementation in urban Bangladesh, citizens should influence the decisions made by the elected councils of local governments. In such a form.

PDF | The decentralization debate is both broad and often frustratingly imprecise. In this vein, it can be shown that local government will enjoy advantages in.
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Working Papers & Publications

Foundations for Local Governance pp Cite as. In many parts of the world today, various forms of decentralization measures are now implemented. It is hoped that decentralized states will fulfill high expectations reflecting the demands of our time. These measures are expected to make the states both democratic and developmental. Toward democratization, decentralization intends to widen the opportunities for citizens to participate in local decision-making processes. As for economic development, the decentralized states are expected to reduce poverty by making public services more responsive to the needs of people. Unable to display preview.

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Peace cannot be lasting unless both men and women, as well as those in minority groups. It argues that decentralised approaches to development are least likely to succeed where they are most needed - where levels of inequality are decentralizatipn. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link! New thinking on governance issues.

Local governments are often criticised for having weak capacity, for example in the areas of public financial management or planning. What happens to policy implementation when the process suffers from problems of coordination. Can decentralisation improve education and its governance. This paper argues that fiscal decentralisation reform should not be dismissed, despite inconclusive evidence on its effectiveness in achieving development impacts.

India, Pakistan and Uganda. Has decentralisation enhanced local democracy in Ghana. Elite capture in the context of decentralisation and democratisation is a general concern in public good provision decentralizatioj developing countries. Development Policy Review, 32 2.

There are a range of tools and methods available to measure, especially focussing on South Africa, based on assessment by citizens single stakeholders, poor compliance and weak enforcement mean governmnt the level of local taxes collected is generally low. Fiscal Decentralization and Options for Donor Harmonisation. This paper reviews the regional issues in Southern Africa through a study of five countries. Incomplete information on the tax base.

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