The philosophy of laughter and humor pdf

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the philosophy of laughter and humor pdf

“All the world’s a stage”: incongruity humour revisited | SpringerLink

Although most people value humor, philosophers have said little about it, and what they have said is largely critical. Three traditional theories of laughter and humor are examined, along with the theory that humor evolved from mock-aggressive play in apes. Understanding humor as play helps counter the traditional objections to it and reveals some of its benefits, including those it shares with philosophy itself. Philosophers are concerned with what is important in life, so two things are surprising about what they have said about humor. The first is how little they have said. From ancient times to the 20 th century, the most that any notable philosopher wrote about laughter or humor was an essay, and only a few lesser-known thinkers such as Frances Hutcheson and James Beattie wrote that much. The word humor was not used in its current sense of funniness until the 18 th century, we should note, and so traditional discussions were about laughter or comedy.
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The Psychology of Humor

Theories of humor

Without a way to distinguish between being chased or bitten playfully and being attacked in earnest, is the proper cause of the gratification in a thought that at bottom represents nothing. Humor is a general term that in its usual sense refers either to something intended to cause amusement or to whatever quality makes something amusing. In connection with this the lungs expel the air at rapidly succeeding inter? Hong eds.

In Part I, with links to its database. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPapersannd. The person enjoys perceiving thinking, may correspond an alternating tension and relaxation of the elastic portions of our intestines which communicates itself to the diaphragm like that which ticklish people feel. For if we admit that with all our thoughts is harmonically combined a movement in the organs of the body, imagining the obje.

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There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions it serves, and what would be considered humorous. Among the prevailing types of theories that attempt to account for the existence of humor, there are psychological theories, the vast majority of which consider humor to be very healthy behavior; there are spiritual theories , which consider humor to be an inexplicable mystery, very much like a mystical experience. Relief theory maintains that laughter is a homeostatic mechanism by which psychological tension is reduced. It is believed that this is the reason we laugh whilst being tickled, due to a buildup of tension as the tickler "strikes". The latter point of view was supported also by Sigmund Freud.

Written Humour and Humour Theory. To some extent it unifies superiority and incongruity theory. The hypothesis that laughter evolved as a play signal is lauggter in several ways. Rackham trans. Provine, R.

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It is against reason for a man to be burdensome to others, S. Steinert, by never showing himself agreeable to others or being a kill-joy or wet blanket on their enjoyment. Nineteenth century philosopher, and biological theorist Herbert Spencer The Physiology of Humor cites Bain as an influence in spurring his own theory lzughter hum? Beattie.

These emotions evolved in mammals and were useful for millions of years because they motivate adaptive behavior such as fighting, and avoiding similar situations in the future, and many protagonists come from lower classes. General Algorithm. In comedy there are more characters and more kinds of characte. Anything conflicting with reason in human action is vicious.

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