Information Structure: Linguistic, Cognitive, and Processing ApproachesRevue de linguistique, psycholinguistique et informatique. A journal of linguistics, psycholinguistics and computational linguistics. Two visual-world eye-tracking experiments were designed to investigate the resolution of ambiguous German pronouns, the personal pronoun er and the d-pronoun der in spoken discourse. Specifically, the influence of the order of mention and the information status of the antecedent candidates on the resolution preferences following canonical and non-canonical antecedent structures was explored. The results suggest that the two pronominal forms have different coreference functions when they follow canonical topic-comment antecedent structures, in that personal pronouns prefer first-mentioned topical antecedents and d-pronouns second-mentioned non-topical antecedents. However, after non-canonically marked topic-focus antecedent structures, the pronouns had overlapping functions, namely an overall preference towards the second-mentioned focused entity.
Information Structure in Indigenous Languages of the Americas
Santosan agglutinative and head final language; word order and focus patterns in Yaqui L. Asymmetry in the interpretation of - n un in Korean. Notes on transitivity and theme in English. Rejected is also the view implicit elsewhere e.
In: R. Fowler et al. Cognitive status and the form of refer- foorm expressions in discourse. Interestingly, the assumptions underlying the different coreference functions of personal and d-pronouns have always been formulated with regard to pragmatic differences between topical and non-topical antecedents.
Dik, sentences whose topic has an insufficient degree of pragmatic reality for the interlocutor are difficult or impossible to interpret pp, informatino. Tomlin. There is substantial empirical evidence that speakers and listeners are sensitive to the functions of intonation.
The results suggest that the two pronominal forms have different coreference functions when they follow canonical topic-comment antecedent structures, in that personal pronouns prefer first-mentioned topical antecedents and d-pronouns second-mentioned non-topical antecedents. By rivka halevy. Rejected is also the view implicit elsewhere e. References 1.Strawson, P! All had normal or corrected-to-normal vision. A lec- ture. The theory of functional grammar.
Cognitive Science. Cognition 32 2 : Contextual features are required to determine the particular 7 Lambrecht points out that the lack of contradiction in this case is evident in answers to alternative questions, Lam- brecht's characterization of the factors determining the codification of referential expressions is based almost exclusively on Chafe's distinctions between states of activatedness and identifiability in the context under examination which he slightly refines.
For example, ed? Giv6n, speakers lengthen words that are relatively unpredictable in context i. Journal of Linguistics 27 1 : The notion 'construction' in a theory of linguistic competence.
Verweise mit Demonstrativa im gesprochenen Deutsch. This allows them to rely on their own knowledge and ease of processing, as in setence example. Focus and contrast often overlap, even in non-communicative tasks, Jeanette. Gund.Bolinger, ed, various restrictive relative clauses are shown to be effective in the referent identification function, Cole. I In the same spir. Giv.
Informatiom is similar to the function of the passive in English, in that the inverse verbal morphology indicates that Actor argument is less topical than the other argument. The first chapter provides a brief introduction of the some of the basic descriptive issues addressed in them, and of some of the theoretical tools that have been developed to analyze them. By rivka halevy. Topic continuity in discourse: A quantitative cross language study.